Types of melons span a diverse array, each bearing its unique characteristics in terms of flavor, appearance, and regional origins. Melons, belonging to the Cucurbitaceae family, are cherished for their refreshing, juicy flesh, making them a summer favorite worldwide.
One of the most renowned members of this fruity family is the cantaloupe, recognized for its sweet, orange flesh and netted rind. Its close relative, the Hami melon, offers a similar delight with its crisp, sweet taste from Xinjiang, China.
The bright red or pink inside a watermelon symbolizes summer picnics. But they come in many different kinds, such as seedless and tiny watermelons.
The Galia melon is a sweet and delicious experience for people who want to be sophisticated. Gac melons, on the other hand, are mostly found in Southeast Asia and have a taste that is a mix of watermelon and avocado.
Different Types of Melons
The following is a list, with descriptions, of some of the most common Types of melons that may be found in different parts of the world:
1. Honeydew Melon
Scientific name: Cucumis melo L. ‘Honey Dew.’
Taste: Light, slightly sweet, mild
Honeydew melons are available all year; they peak from June through October. When mature, the rind of one of these melons will have the appearance and texture of butter. The weights range from three to nine pounds, and the bottoms are both round and oval.
With their mild sweetness, honeydew melons may be used in various ways. You may use them in salads, ice cream, smoothies, or any other food or drink you choose. Take advantage of this unappreciated summer treat!
2. Crane Melon
Scientific name: Cucumis melo var Oliver crane.
Taste: Exceptionally sweet.
The Crane melons are a cherished variety among California’s native heritage melons. Originating in the early 1900s, it has a rich history deeply rooted in the state. These melons are renowned for their intoxicating scent, boasting extraordinary sweetness and juiciness. When you indulge in a Crane melon, you’ll detect subtle orange, rose, and honey notes, enhancing its delectable flavor.
The Crane melon stands out because of its beautiful orange flesh. This melon is a very interesting variety. It came about when Japanese, Persian, and Ambrosian melons were crossed. It’s a great example of California’s farming history and a treat for anyone who likes food.
3. Korean Melons
Scientific name: Cucumis melo var. Make
Taste: Subtly sweet.
“Oriental melons” refers to a category that includes various Cucumis melo cultivars grown in East Asia. The Korean melon is a member of this group. This wonderful species of melon has a rich and interesting history that can be traced back throughout time.
Its genetic roots trace back to the eastern part of India, and it embarked on a flavorful journey along the Silk Road to reach China. From there, it spread to captivate the palates of both Japan and Korea.
The Korean melon stands out because of how it looks. It has white meat inside, bright yellow skin, and lines down its length. Even though Korean melons are smaller than other kinds of melons, they are very popular food.
Scientific name: Cucumis melo var. cantalupensis
Taste: Sweet, tender
The texture of cantaloupe is described as being more meaty, yet it is not as stringy as other melons. The months of winter and spring are when it is at its most delicious. Choose a cantaloupe that is tan color, with light green stripes, and skin that is free of blemishes when you go to purchase one.
Cantaloupe is an excellent complement to charcuterie meats and other types of proteins due to its solid texture, which prevents it from becoming watery and enables it to maintain its form. Cantaloupe is at its most sweet and crisp when it’s in season, so take advantage of it!
5. Casaba Melon
Scientific name: Cucumis melo var. Inodorus ‘Golden Casaba’
Taste: Spicy, aromatic, slightly sweet.
The casaba melon and the cucumber are considered members of the gourd family and stand out due to their resemblance to pumpkins and squash rather than watermelons. This muskmelon variety shares kinship with honeydew melons and cantaloupes, even though honeydew melons are a subspecies of both.
This particular moniker, “casaba melon,” originates from the city of Kasaba in Turkey, where this fruit first took root. Casaba melons offer culinary versatility; you can enjoy them fresh or incorporate them into smoothies, soups, sorbet, or curry.
Scientific name: Sicanaodorifera.
Taste: It tastes like a cantaloupe with a hint of banana.
The Casabanana melons are a unique wonder, capable of reaching up to two feet long. What sets it apart is its striking rind, a vibrant flaming magenta colour that makes it unmistakable. While you can find variations in shades like yellow, orange, and even dark purple, the inside of the Casabanana predominantly showcases yellow and orange hues.
Before slicing into this exotic fruit, you might catch a whiff of its enticing scent. Inside, you’ll discover flesh that’s often mushy and sugary in texture. This intriguing fruit hails from South America and can be enjoyed as either a vegetable or a fruit, depending on its ripeness.
7. Galia Melons
Scientific name: Cucumis melo var. reticulatus.
Taste: Delicious and sweet flavor.
Galia melons, also known as Sarda melons in Southeast Asia, are a hybrid variety renowned for their irresistibly sweet flavor. Originally domesticated in Israel, these melons have found their way to various countries, including Greece, Turkey, Spain, Pakistan, and Portugal. Their spherical shape and stunning golden skin make them a favorite among melon enthusiasts.
The flesh of Galia melons is a beautiful pale green and white, perfectly complementing the vibrant golden hue of their skin. This unique combination of visual and taste appeal makes Galia melons a must-try for anyone who appreciates the delightful flavors of melons.
8. Gac Melon
Named Momordica cochinchinensis by scientists
Flavor: Buttery and subdued
Melons called gacs are unique, owing their distinctive flavor to their intriguing parentage a fusion of cantaloupe and avocado. Typically found in the tropical regions of Southeast Asia and Northern Australia, its bumpy, spiky, orange-brown skin conceals a captivating secret a vibrant, brilliant red interior.
Unlike its sweeter melon counterparts, the gac melon boasts a mellow, less sweet flavor, making it a sought-after ingredient for savory dishes such as stews, soups, curries, and rice preparations. This unique melon adds a twist to culinary creations and is a fascinating addition to tropical fruits.
9. Golden Langkawi Melon
Golden Langkawi Melon is a sweet Malaysian fruit with smooth golden skin and high sugar and water content, originating from Langkawi. When it comes to sweetness, the Golden Langkawi melon stands out. Originating from the Langkawi region of Malaysia, these melons can reach a substantial weight of nearly six pounds.
It sets them apart from other melon varieties, and their skin boasts a smooth golden hue instead of the typical webbed appearance. This delightful melon is characterized by its crisp texture, containing a high concentration of both sugar and water.
Its slightly elliptical shape makes it a unique addition to your garden, especially if you’re a melon enthusiast with limited space. Embrace the sweetness of the Golden Langkawi melon and savor its Malaysian essence.
10. Melon of Hami
Scientific name: Cucumis melo ‘Hami melon’.
The Melon of Hami comes from Xinjiang and looks like a melon. Its skin can be white or yellow-green, and it covers a sweet and crisp inside. It is a flexible and tasty fruit that comes in more than a hundred variety forms.
This fruit captivates both the eyes and the palate. Its skin can be white or yellow-green, and its flavor perfectly blends sweetness and crispness.
Also known as the Chinese Hami melon and snow melon, this variety boasts a diverse family tree with over one hundred hybrids and cultivated variations: Savor the sensory delight the Hami melon offers, a true treat in terms of flavor and appearance.